Aldehydes (nonanal and hexanal) in rat and human bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after ozone exposure.

M. W. Frampton, W. A. Pryor, R. Cueto, C. Cox, P. E. Morrow, M. J. Utell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We hypothesized that exposure of healthy humans to ozone at concentrations found in ambient air causes both ozonation and peroxidation of lipids in lung epithelial lining fluid. Smokers (12) and nonsmokers (15) were exposed once to air and twice to 0.22 ppm ozone for four hours with exercise in an environmental chamber; each exposure was separated by at least three weeks. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed immediately after one ozone exposure and 18 hours after the other ozone exposure. Lavage fluid was analyzed for two aldehyde products of ozonation and lipid peroxidation, nonanal and hexanal, as well as for total protein, albumin, and immunoglobulin M (IgM) as markers of changes in epithelial permeability. Ozone exposure resulted in a significant early increase in nonanal (p < 0.0001), with no statistically significant relationship between increases in nonanal and lung function changes, airway inflammation, or changes in epithelial permeability. Increases in hexanal levels were not statistically significant (p = 0.16). Both nonanal and hexanal levels returned to baseline by 18 hours after exposure. These studies confirm that exposure to ozone with exercise at concentrations relevant to urban outdoor air results in ozonation of lipids in the airway epithelial lining fluid of humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-15; discussion 17-18
JournalResearch report (Health Effects Institute)
Issue number90
StatePublished - Nov 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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