Alcohol use disorders in adolescents

Hoover Adger, Shonali Saha

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Despite the fact that there has been a long-term decline in the use of alcohol by teens and the current rates of use are at historic lows, underage drinking remains a leading public health problem in this country. (1) Alcohol remains the illicit drug of choice for youth. Studies indicate that the younger children and adolescents are when they begin to drink, the more likely they are to engage in behaviors that can be harmful to themselves and to others. (3) Being the child of an alcoholic places a person at greater risk for alcohol problems. Children of alcoholics are between 4 and 10 times more likely to become alcoholics themselves than are children who do not have the same genetic predisposition. (7)(9) In addition, family alcohol problems can affect the development of youth adversely, and family dysfunction can increase an adolescent's risk of problem alcohol use. The hallmarks of problem drinking are loss of control over drinking and the presence of negative consequences from drinking. (3) Adverse effects of underage drinking, including biological and developmental impact, are well documented. Alcohol acts primarily as a nervous system depressant and at high serum levels leads to respiratory depression. Families continue to exert significant influence on adolescents and on the behaviors in which teenagers choose to engage. Early identification of children, adolescents, and families with alcohol-related problems is critically important to the prevention of problem alcohol use among adolescents. Addressing alcohol use is an important part of the health-care visit for all children and youth.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages103-114
Number of pages12
JournalPediatrics in Review
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Alcohols
Drinking
Underage Drinking
Alcoholics
Adolescent Behavior
Street Drugs
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Respiratory Insufficiency
Nervous System
Public Health
Delivery of Health Care
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Alcohol use disorders in adolescents. / Adger, Hoover; Saha, Shonali.

In: Pediatrics in Review, Vol. 34, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 103-114.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Adger H, Saha S. Alcohol use disorders in adolescents. Pediatrics in Review. 2013 Mar;34(3):103-114. Available from, DOI: 10.1542/pir.34-3-103
Adger, Hoover ; Saha, Shonali. / Alcohol use disorders in adolescents. In: Pediatrics in Review. 2013 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 103-114
@article{bcac515148744a3c83647e27e79ac445,
title = "Alcohol use disorders in adolescents",
abstract = "Despite the fact that there has been a long-term decline in the use of alcohol by teens and the current rates of use are at historic lows, underage drinking remains a leading public health problem in this country. (1) Alcohol remains the illicit drug of choice for youth. Studies indicate that the younger children and adolescents are when they begin to drink, the more likely they are to engage in behaviors that can be harmful to themselves and to others. (3) Being the child of an alcoholic places a person at greater risk for alcohol problems. Children of alcoholics are between 4 and 10 times more likely to become alcoholics themselves than are children who do not have the same genetic predisposition. (7)(9) In addition, family alcohol problems can affect the development of youth adversely, and family dysfunction can increase an adolescent's risk of problem alcohol use. The hallmarks of problem drinking are loss of control over drinking and the presence of negative consequences from drinking. (3) Adverse effects of underage drinking, including biological and developmental impact, are well documented. Alcohol acts primarily as a nervous system depressant and at high serum levels leads to respiratory depression. Families continue to exert significant influence on adolescents and on the behaviors in which teenagers choose to engage. Early identification of children, adolescents, and families with alcohol-related problems is critically important to the prevention of problem alcohol use among adolescents. Addressing alcohol use is an important part of the health-care visit for all children and youth.",
author = "Hoover Adger and Shonali Saha",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1542/pir.34-3-103",
volume = "34",
pages = "103--114",
journal = "Pediatrics in Review",
issn = "0191-9601",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alcohol use disorders in adolescents

AU - Adger,Hoover

AU - Saha,Shonali

PY - 2013/3

Y1 - 2013/3

N2 - Despite the fact that there has been a long-term decline in the use of alcohol by teens and the current rates of use are at historic lows, underage drinking remains a leading public health problem in this country. (1) Alcohol remains the illicit drug of choice for youth. Studies indicate that the younger children and adolescents are when they begin to drink, the more likely they are to engage in behaviors that can be harmful to themselves and to others. (3) Being the child of an alcoholic places a person at greater risk for alcohol problems. Children of alcoholics are between 4 and 10 times more likely to become alcoholics themselves than are children who do not have the same genetic predisposition. (7)(9) In addition, family alcohol problems can affect the development of youth adversely, and family dysfunction can increase an adolescent's risk of problem alcohol use. The hallmarks of problem drinking are loss of control over drinking and the presence of negative consequences from drinking. (3) Adverse effects of underage drinking, including biological and developmental impact, are well documented. Alcohol acts primarily as a nervous system depressant and at high serum levels leads to respiratory depression. Families continue to exert significant influence on adolescents and on the behaviors in which teenagers choose to engage. Early identification of children, adolescents, and families with alcohol-related problems is critically important to the prevention of problem alcohol use among adolescents. Addressing alcohol use is an important part of the health-care visit for all children and youth.

AB - Despite the fact that there has been a long-term decline in the use of alcohol by teens and the current rates of use are at historic lows, underage drinking remains a leading public health problem in this country. (1) Alcohol remains the illicit drug of choice for youth. Studies indicate that the younger children and adolescents are when they begin to drink, the more likely they are to engage in behaviors that can be harmful to themselves and to others. (3) Being the child of an alcoholic places a person at greater risk for alcohol problems. Children of alcoholics are between 4 and 10 times more likely to become alcoholics themselves than are children who do not have the same genetic predisposition. (7)(9) In addition, family alcohol problems can affect the development of youth adversely, and family dysfunction can increase an adolescent's risk of problem alcohol use. The hallmarks of problem drinking are loss of control over drinking and the presence of negative consequences from drinking. (3) Adverse effects of underage drinking, including biological and developmental impact, are well documented. Alcohol acts primarily as a nervous system depressant and at high serum levels leads to respiratory depression. Families continue to exert significant influence on adolescents and on the behaviors in which teenagers choose to engage. Early identification of children, adolescents, and families with alcohol-related problems is critically important to the prevention of problem alcohol use among adolescents. Addressing alcohol use is an important part of the health-care visit for all children and youth.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877249560&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877249560&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1542/pir.34-3-103

DO - 10.1542/pir.34-3-103

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 103

EP - 114

JO - Pediatrics in Review

T2 - Pediatrics in Review

JF - Pediatrics in Review

SN - 0191-9601

IS - 3

ER -