Alcohol use disorder is a risk factor for mortality among older public housing residents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epidemiologic survey data were used to examine relationships between alcohol use and abuse and the physical and mental health status of elderly public housing residents (weighted n = 865) and to determine the influence that drinking behavior had on mortality. Residents with a current alcohol disorder (4%) were more likely to rate their physical health as fair/poor but had fewer major medical illnesses, functional impairments, and other current psychiatric disorders. Individuals with a current or past alcohol disorder (22%) were more likely than others to die (odds ratio [OR] = 7.5) during the 28-month follow-up period. In multivariate analyses, women with a past alcohol disorder were more likely than lifetime abstainers to die (OR = 21.9). Drinking behavior was not predictive of death in men. The high prevalence of alcohol disorder and its strong influence on mortality in this predominantly African-American female population demonstrate the need for programs designed to prevent and treat alcoholism in public housing developments for the elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-327
Number of pages19
JournalInternational psychogeriatrics
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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