Alcohol, diabetes, and public health in the Americas

Thomas Babor, Jurgen Rehm, David Jernigan, Patrice Vaeth, Maristela Monteiro, Hallie Lehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article describes epidemiological evidence on the association between alcohol use and diabetes, and the implications for clinical management and public health policies in the Americas. Heavy alcohol use is a risk factor for both diabetes and poor treatment adherence, despite evidence that moderate drinking can protect against type 2 diabetes under some circumstances. The burden of disease from diabetes associated with excessive alcohol consumption warrants both clinical and public health measures. On the clinical level, research on early interventions to prevent hazardous drinking shows that new screening, brief intervention, and referral techniques are effective ways to manage hazardous drinking in primary care settings. On the population level, restrictions on alcohol marketing and other alcohol control policies reduce the frequency and intensity of alcohol consumption in at-risk populations. These policy actions are recommended within the context of the World Health Organization's global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-155
Number of pages5
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Americas
  • Cost of illness
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Health promotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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