Alcohol consumption trajectory patterns in adult women with HIV infection

Robert L. Cook, Fang Zhu, Bea Herbeck Belnap, Kathleen M. Weber, Stephen R. Cole, David Vlahov, Judith A. Cook, Nancy A. Hessol, Tracey E. Wilson, Michael Plankey, Andrea A. Howard, Gerald B. Sharp, Jean L. Richardson, Mardge H. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


HIV-infected women with excessive alcohol consumption are at risk for adverse health outcomes, but little is known about their long-term drinking trajectories. This analysis included longitudinal data, obtained from 1996 to 2006, from 2,791 women with HIV from the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Among these women, the proportion in each of five distinct drinking trajectories was: continued heavy drinking (3 %), reduction from heavy to non-heavy drinking (4 %), increase from non-heavy to heavy drinking (8 %), continued non-heavy drinking (36 %), and continued non-drinking (49 %). Depressive symptoms, other substance use (crack/cocaine, marijuana, and tobacco), co-infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and heavy drinking prior to enrollment were associated with trajectories involving future heavy drinking. In conclusion, many women with HIV change their drinking patterns over time. Clinicians and those providing alcohol-related interventions might target those with depression, current use of tobacco or illicit drugs, HCV infection, or a previous history of drinking problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1705-1712
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Alcohol consumption
  • HIV-infection
  • Trajectories
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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