Alcohol consumption pattern in western Nepal: Findings from the COBIN baseline survey

Tara Ballav Adhikari, Anupa Rijal, Per Kallestrup, Dinesh Neupane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Harmful use of alcohol is a global public health problem. Differences in alcohol consumption patterns may add valuable information to the design of public health interventions to prevent excessive use of alcohol, which is yet missing in Nepal. Hence, the purpose of the study is to determine the prevalence, patterns of alcohol consumption and socio-economic correlates of lifetime alcohol consumption and binge drinking in the semi-urban area of Pokhara Municipality. Methods: The cross-sectional data used in this study were collected as part of the COBIN study to understand alcohol consumption patterns and frequency and to determine correlates of lifetime alcohol consumption and binge drinking in the semi-urban area of Pokhara Municipality, Nepal. Results: Out of 2815 study participants, 35.6% had ever used alcohol in their lifetime (Male 67.2% and Female 18.9%). Among 571 respondents who drank alcohol within the past 30 days, 77.1% male, and 46.9% female reported binge drinking behaviour. On average, males consumed 8.8 ± 0.3 standard alcohol drinks on one occasion, while females consumed only 4.4 ± 0.3 alcoholic drinks. Male (OR = 16; 95% CI: 12.1-21.1), older adults (OR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2-1.7) and people belonging to disadvantaged ethnic group (OR = 6.1; 95% CI: 4.9-6.3) had higher odds of lifetime alcohol consumption than their respective counterparts. Whereas, male (OR = 7.9; 95% CI: 4.3-14.6), having higher educational status and agriculture as the occupation had higher odds of binge drinking. Conclusion: Alcohol consumption frequency was significantly higher among males than females in Western Nepal. Although national program and policies should recommend reducing alcohol consumption in general, targeted interventions are needed for males aged 45-65 years of age and certain ethnic groups (Dalit and Janajati).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number283
JournalBMC psychiatry
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Alcohol drinking
  • Bing drinking
  • Gender difference
  • Nepal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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