Alcohol and other psychoactive drugs in trauma patients aged 10-14 years

Guohua Li, Arjun Chanmugam, Richard Rothman, Carla DiScala, Charles N. Paidas, Gabor D. Kelen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective - To examine the prevalence of alcohol and/or other psychoactive drugs, such as marijuana and cocaine (AODs), involved in preteen trauma patients. Methods - Toxicological testing results were analyzed for 1356 trauma patients aged 10-14 years recorded in the National Pediatric Trauma Registry for the years 1990-95. Results - Of the 1356 patients who received toxicological screening at the time of admission, 116 (9%) were positive for AODs. AOD involvement increased with age. Patients with pre-existing mental disorders were nearly three times as likely as other patients to be AOD positive (23% v 8%, p<0.01). AOD involvement was more prevalent in intentional injuries and in injuries that occurred at home. Conclusions - AODs in preteen trauma are of valid concern, in particular among patients with mental disorders or intentional injuries. The role of AODs in childhood injuries needs to be further examined using standard screening instruments and representative study samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-97
Number of pages4
JournalInjury Prevention
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999

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Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Substance abuse
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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