Alcohol and drug abuse in patients with physical disabilities

John R. Hubbard, Anita Smith Everett, Mohammad A. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Alcohol and other drugs of abuse (AODA) are of great medical and social concern. Patients with physical injury requiring rehabilitation may be at particular risk of AODA due to pain, physical handicaps, mood disturbances, vocational difficulties, and problems of self-image. Their access to AODA, however, is often temporarily or permanently limited. In this literature review, we have explored various aspects of AODA in physically disabled patients. Frequently, AODA are involved in the cause of physical injuries. The average use and abuse of alcohol prior to injury was high. Postinjury alcohol use and abuse frequently declined or remained unchanged. Some non alcohol drag use and problems increased postinjury, particularly during initial periods. Postinjury abuse of AODA is particularly important with regard to the disruption of the rehabilitation process. Use of adequate control groups and analysis at multiple postinjury time points is recommended in future investigations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-231
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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