Alcohol and dietary intake in the development of chronic pancreatitis and liver disease in alcoholism

Esteban Mezey, C. J. Kolman, A. M. Diehl, M. C. Mitchell, H. F. Herlong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Alcohol and dietary intake were determined in alcoholic patients with chronic pancreatitis and alcoholic liver disease. Patients with chronic pancreatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, and cirrhosis ingested ~50% of their calories as alcohol, and all had low mean intakes of protein, carbohydrate, and fat as compared with control subjects. Patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis had the lowest intake of nonalcohol calories and protein. Women with chronic pancreatitis had ingested alcohol for a shorter period of time than men whereas women with alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis had ingested less alcohol per kilogram body weight per day as compared with men. This study does not support the hypothesis that consumption of a high-protein and high-fat diet is a factor in the development of chronic pancreatitis in the alcoholic patient. The increased susceptibility of women as compared with men to alcoholic liver disease is established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-151
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume48
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1988

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alcoholic hepatitis
pancreatitis
Chronic Pancreatitis
liver diseases
alcohol abuse
Alcoholic Hepatitis
Alcoholism
Liver Diseases
food intake
Chronic Disease
Alcohols
Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis
Alcoholic Liver Diseases
alcohols
Alcoholics
Proteins
High Fat Diet
high fat diet
protein intake
proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Alcohol and dietary intake in the development of chronic pancreatitis and liver disease in alcoholism. / Mezey, Esteban; Kolman, C. J.; Diehl, A. M.; Mitchell, M. C.; Herlong, H. F.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 48, No. 1, 1988, p. 148-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mezey, Esteban ; Kolman, C. J. ; Diehl, A. M. ; Mitchell, M. C. ; Herlong, H. F. / Alcohol and dietary intake in the development of chronic pancreatitis and liver disease in alcoholism. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1988 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 148-151.
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