This randomized, double-blind trial determined whether adding 90 mmol/L of alanine with a reduction in glucose to 90 mmol/L (alanine ORS) improves the efficacy of the standard oral rehydration solution (WHO-ORS). One hundred twenty-nine males aged 3, 48 months with weight for length 3=70% of NCHS, diarrheal duration =£96 h, and clinical signs of mild to moderate dehydration were randomly allocated to either treatment group. During 0-6 h of treatment, ORS was offered at 120 ml/kg for rehydration without food or water. Beyond 6 h, ORS was offered as a volume-to-volume replacement for stool losses and a mixed diet of uniform composition was offered in amounts standardized for body weight. The most frequently isolated pathogens in alanine ORS and WHO-ORS groups were rotavirus (42 and 48%, respectively) and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (15 and 12%, respectively). In the 0-6 h period when food was withheld, me-dian urine output in ml/kg (8;5, p < 0.05) and percentage decrease in total serum solids (9:7%, p = 0.06) was sig-nificantly greater in alanine ORS than in WHO-ORS; median ORS intake and stool output were marginally lower in the alanine group but the differences were statistically not significant. Between 0 h and recovery, although the median values for duration of diarrhea (56.5 and 65.0 h), ORS consumption (260 and 323 ml/kg), and stool output (188.4 and 216.3 g/kg) were lower in the alanine ORS group, these differences with the WHO-ORS group were not statistically significant. Our findings are consistent with improved efficacy of WHO-ORS following alanine fortification but the clinical benefits achieved in these mildly dehydrated cases fall short of what may be clinically meaningful and of relevance to public health.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition|
|State||Published - May 1991|
- Oral rehydration solution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health