After inhalation challenge with methacholine, bronchoconstrictor responses were produced in allergic subjects with asthma and hay fever as well as nonallergic subjects. The authors' results indicate that allergic persons possess a greater pulmonary responsiveness to inhalation of this parasympathomimetic agent than nonallergic subjects; however, patterns of response were different in the 2 types of allergic subjects, those with asthma and those with hay fever. Whereas both types of allergic subjects responded with changes in specific airway conductance when nonallergic subjects did not, only 3 wk subjects differed from nonallergic subjects when comparisons of spirometry were made. These data suggest that there is hypersensitivity of both central and peripheral airways in asthmatics and in the larger central airways of nonasthmatic allergic subjects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||American Review of Respiratory Disease|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1976|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine