Air pollution exposure is associated with MRSA acquisition in young U.S. children with cystic fibrosis

Kevin J. Psoter, Anneclaire J. De Roos, Jon Wakefield, Jonathan D. Mayer, Margaret Rosenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The role of air pollution in increasing susceptibility to respiratory tract infections in the cystic fibrosis (CF) population has not been well described. We recently demonstrated that chronic PM2.5 exposure is associated with an increased risk of initial Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquisition in young children with CF. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PM2.5 exposure is a risk factor for acquisition of other respiratory pathogens in young children with CF. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of initial acquisition of methicillin susceptible and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA and MRSA), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Achromobacter xylosoxidans in U.S. children <6 years of age with CF using the CF Foundation Patient Registry, 2003-2009. Multivariable Weibull regression with interval-censored outcomes was used to evaluate the association of PM2.5 concentration in the year prior to birth and risk of acquisition of each organism. Results: During follow-up 63%, 17%, 24%, and 5% of children acquired MSSA, MRSA, S. maltophilia, and A. xylosoxidans, respectively. A 10 μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 exposure was associated with a 68% increased risk of MRSA acquisition (Hazard Ratio: 1.68; 95% Confidence Interval: 1.24, 2.27). PM2.5 was not associated with acquisition of other respiratory pathogens. Conclusions: Fine particulate matter is an independent risk factor for initial MRSA acquisition in young children with CF. These results support the increasing evidence that air pollution contributes to pulmonary morbidities in the CF community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106
JournalBMC pulmonary medicine
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2017

Keywords

  • Achromobacter xylosoxidans
  • Air pollution
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Fine particulate matter
  • MRSA
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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