AIDS in the Americas: A public health priority for the region

T. C. Quinn, J. P. Narain, F. R.K. Zacarias

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The AIDS epidemic continues to grow in the Americas at different velocities in different countries due to the different times of introduction of the virus and because of a host of social/behavioral factors which remain to be elucidated. In some subregions the pattern of transmission is changing rapidly from the homosexual/bisexual to the heterosexual transmission pattern with a consequential increase in perinatal transmission. While the clinical presentation of HIV-1 infection varies throughout the region, the adaptation of a modified case definition for AIDS will aid in the recognition and surveillance of AIDS cases. The recent introduction of HIV-2 into the region has further complicated the increasing prevalence rates of HIV-1 and HTLV-I/II and the associated morbidity and mortality rates observed with these retroviruses. Furthermore, some countries are already beginning to feel the impact of AIDS on their health-care delivery system, and those countries which have yet to feel the impact of AIDS must prepare for the inevitable consequences of a relatively broad epidemic of HIV-1 infection. Consequently, if we are to respond effectively to the AIDS and HIV pandemic, prevention efforts and the mobilization of resources should become a priority at the local, national and global levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-724
Number of pages16
JournalAIDS
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Americas
  • Caribbean
  • Clinical features
  • Epidemiology
  • HIV-1
  • HIV-2
  • HTLV-I/II
  • Latin America

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'AIDS in the Americas: A public health priority for the region'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this