Agreement among pediatric health care professionals with the Pediatric Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale guidelines

Sylvie Bergeron, Serge Gouin, Benoit Bailey, Devendra K. Amre, Hema Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To compare triage level assignment, using case scenarios, in a pediatric emergency department between registered nurses (RNs) and pediatric emergency physicians (PEPs) based on the Pediatric Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (P-CTAS) guidelines. To compare triage level assignment of the RNs and PEPs to that done by a panel of experts using the same P-CTAS guidelines. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey (55 case scenarios) was sent to all RNs and PEPs working in the emergency department after the P-CTAS was implemented. Participants were instructed to assign a triage level for each case. A priori, all cases were assigned a triage level by a panel of experts using the P-CTAS guidelines. Kappa statistics and the mean number (±1SD) of correct responses were calculated. Results: A response rate of 85% was achieved (29 RNs, 15 PEPs). The kappa level of agreement (95% CI) among RNs was 0.51 (0.50-0.52) and was 0.39 (0.38-0.41) among PEPs (P < 0.001). The mean number of correct responses (±1SD) for RNs was 64% ± 27% and for PEPs 60% ± 22% (P = 0.31). Levels of agreement did not vary according to experience or type of shift work done or work status of RNs and PEPs. Conclusions: With the introduction of the P-CTAS, the level of agreement and accuracy of triage categorization remained moderate for both RNs and PEPs. The reliability of the P-CTAS needs to be further assessed and the requirements for revisions considered prior to its widespread use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-518
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric emergency care
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

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