Aging with vision loss: A framework for assessing the impact of visual impairment on older adults

Bonnielin K. Swenor, Moon J. Lee, Varshini Varadaraj, Heather E. Whitson, Pradeep Y. Ramulu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

There is limited research examining the impact of visual impairment (VI) on older adults while considering the complexities of aging, leaving gaps in our understanding of how health consequences of VI might be averted. We created a framework integrating concepts from disability, geriatrics, and ophthalmology that conceptualizes how VI challenges successful aging. Here, VI influences multiple functional domains, and increases the risk of negative health outcomes. This model acknowledges that common causes, such as risk factors that affect eyes and other systems simultaneously, may also drive the relationship between VI and health outcomes. Finally, the model highlights how the impact of VI on aging outcomes can be addressed at multiple intervention points.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)989-995
Number of pages7
JournalGerontologist
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • Functional performance
  • Health outcomes
  • Vision impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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