Age-Specific Serum Total and Free Estradiol Concentrations in Healthy Men in US Nationally Representative Samples

Susan Chadid, John R. Barber, Sabine Rohrmann, William G. Nelson, James D. Yager, Norma F. Kanarek, Gary Bradwin, Adrian S. Dobs, Katherine A. McGlynn, Elizabeth A. Platz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To report age-specific serum estradiol concentration in nonsmoking, lean US men without comorbidities. We provide concentrations from 30 and 15 to 20 years ago given previously described declines in serum estradiol in US men over time. Methods: We used data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III; 1988 to 1991) and continuous NHANES (1999 to 2004). Serum estradiol and SHBG were previously measured by competitive electrochemiluminescence immunoassays. Free estradiol was estimated from estradiol, SHBG, and albumin. By age, we calculated median concentrations overall and for nonsmoking, lean (body mass index <25 kg/m2 and waist <102 cm) men without diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or cancer. Results: Overall, respective total estradiol medians for men ages 20 to 39, 40 to 59, and ≥60 years old were 37.0, 33.9, and 33.5 pg/mL in NHANES III and 31.3, 30.5, and 27.0 pg/mL in continuous NHANES. In nonsmoking, lean men without comorbidities, respective total estradiol medians were 32.0, 32.1, and 32.0 pg/mL in NHANES III and 29.1, 22.7, and 26.1 pg/mL in continuous NHANES. Overall, respective free estradiol medians were 0.82, 0.72, and 0.64 pg/mL in NHANES III and 0.67, 0.61, and 0.47 pg/mL in continuous NHANES. In nonsmoking, lean men without comorbidities, respective free estradiol medians were 0.64, 0.67, and 0.62 pg/mL in NHANES III and 0.58, 0.42, and 0.40 pg/mL continuous NHANES. Conclusion: We report US nationally representative serum estradiol concentrations in healthy men, which could be used for targeting estradiol during testosterone supplementation and for general good health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1825-1836
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Endocrine Society
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • age-specific
  • estradiol
  • healthy men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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