Aortic stiffness increases with age and may contribute to adverse remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). The authors examined whether vascular stiffness affects left ventricular (LV) size after MI using contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Despite similar infarct sizes, patients aged 60 years or older (n=30) had a lower ejection fraction (42±15 vs 53±11%, P<.01) and greater end-systolic volume index (75±47 vs 44±18 mL/m2, P<.01) than younger patients (n=19). As infarct size increased, LV end-systolic volumes (P<.0001) and ejection fraction (P<.0001) in the older participants were progressively greater. Participants with greater aortic stiffness had greater end-systolic volume indices (P<.0001) and lower ejection fraction (P<.0001) with increasing infarct size. Using multivariate analysis, MI size (P<.001) and aortic distensibility (P=.02) were significant predictors of end-systolic volume index. Older patients have increased LV size after MI compared with younger patients, possibly related to age-related decreases in aortic distensibility affecting LV remodeling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine