Age-related macular degeneration II-Geographic atrophy

Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg, Almut Bindewald-Wittich, Monika Fleckenstein, Hendrik P.N. Scholl, Frank G. Holz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Geographic atrophy (GA) represents the atrophic late-stage manifestation of dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). It is characterised by the development of atrophic patches that may initially occur in the parafoveal area [3, 13, 16, 23]. During the natural course of the disease, atrophy slowly enlarges over time, and the fovea itself is typically not involved until later (foveal sparing, see Fig 12.3).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAtlas of Fundus Autofluorescence Imaging
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783540719939
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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