Age-related changes in pulmonary muscarinic receptor binding properties

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Abstract

The goal of this study was to elucidate mechanisms responsible for age- related reductions in responsiveness to cholinergic muscarinic stimulation in guinea pigs, by examining the binding properties of muscarinic receptors and their coupling to guanine nucleotide regulatory proteins as a function of animal age. In addition, the binding constants of three selective muscarinic receptor antagonists pirenzepine, [11-({2-[(diethylamino)methyl]-1- piperidinyl}-acetyl)-5,11-dihydro-6H-pyrido(2,3)(1,4)benzodiazepine-6-on], and 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methobromide were examined. We found that there were no changes in either the receptor density or the affinity of the muscarinic receptor with age. There was a significant reduction in the affinity constant for the high-affinity agonist binding site in the old tissues (7.63 ± 0.08) compared with the young tissues (8.31 ± 0.10). Guanine nucleotides lowered agonist affinity for the receptor in young lungs, however, they had no effect on agonist binding in old tissues. Antagonist competition binding curves in young tissues revealed that 73% of the receptors are of the M2 type, with 27% being of the M3 subtype. In contrast, antagonist competition binding curves in the old tissues revealed that 37% of the receptors were of the M2 subtype, 30% were M3, and 33% were of the M1 subtype. Our studies provide evidence that the loss of sensitivity to cholinergic muscarinic stimulation in the senescent lung may be due to changes in both muscarinic receptor subtypes and receptor coupling to G proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L103-L109
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume265
Issue number2 9-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • aging
  • guanine nucleotides
  • guinea pig
  • lung
  • muscarinic receptor subtypes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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