Age-dependent changes in sirolimus metabolite formation in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1

Chie Emoto, Tsuyoshi Fukuda, Tomoyuki Mizuno, Shareen Cox, Björn Schniedewind, Uwe Christians, Brigitte C. Widemann, Michael J. Fisher, Brian Weiss, John Perentesis, Alexander A. Vinks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Sirolimus is an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin, which exhibits large interindividual pharmacokinetic variability. We report sirolimus pharmacokinetic data collected as part of a concentration-controlled multicenter phase II clinical trial in pediatric patients with neurofibromatosis type 1. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of growth on age-dependent changes in sirolimus clearance with a focus on cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) subfamily mediated metabolism. Methods: Predose blood samples were obtained at steady state from 18 patients with neurofibromatosis type 1. Sirolimus and its 5 CYP3A-dependent primary metabolites were quantified by HPLC-UV/MS. Concentration ratios of metabolites to sirolimus (metabolic ratio) were calculated as an index of metabolite formation. Results: Metabolic ratios of the main metabolites, 16-O-demethylsirolimus (16-O-DM) and 24-hydroxysirolimus (24OH), were significantly correlated with sirolimus clearance, whereas this was not the case for the other 3 metabolites (25-hydroxysirolimus, 46-hydroxysirolimus, and 39-O-demethylsirolimus). The ratios for the 16-O-DM and 24OH metabolites were lower in children than adults. No significant difference in allometrically scaled metabolic ratios of 16-O-DM and 24OH was observed between children and adults. Conclusions: This study suggests that the age-dependent changes in sirolimus clearance can be explained by size-related increases in CYP3A metabolic capacity, most likely due to liver and intestinal growth. These findings will help facilitate the development of age-appropriate dosing algorithms for sirolimus in infants and children. ©

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-399
Number of pages5
JournalTherapeutic drug monitoring
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015


  • body size
  • metabolite
  • neurofibromatosis
  • pediatric
  • pharmacokinetics
  • sirolimus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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