Age and education adjusted normative data and discriminative validity for Reys Auditory Verbal Learning Test in the elderly Greek population

Lambros Messinis, Grigorios Nasios, Antonios Mougias, Antonis Politis, Petros Zampakis, Eirini Tsiamaki, Sonia Malefaki, Phillipos Gourzis, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reys Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) is a widely used neuropsychological test to assess episodic memory. In the present study we sought to establish normative and discriminative validity data for the RAVLT in the elderly population using previously adapted learning lists for the Greek adult population. We administered the test to 258 cognitively healthy elderly participants, aged 60-89 years, and two patient groups (192 with amnestic mild cognitive impairment, aMCI, and 65 with Alzheimers disease, AD). From the statistical analyses, we found that age and education contributed significantly to most trials of the RAVLT, whereas the influence of gender was not significant. Younger elderly participants with higher education outperformed the older elderly with lower education levels. Moreover, both clinical groups performed significantly worse on most RAVLT trials and composite measures than matched cognitively healthy controls. Furthermore, the AD group performed more poorly than the aMCI group on most RAVLT variables. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to examine the utility of the RAVLT trials to discriminate cognitively healthy controls from aMCI and AD patients. Area under the curve (AUC), an index of effect size, showed that most of the RAVLT measures (individual and composite) included in this study adequately differentiated between the performance of healthy elders and aMCI/AD patients. We also provide cutoff scores in discriminating cognitively healthy controls from aMCI and AD patients, based on the sensitivity and specificity of the prescribed scores. Moreover, we present age-and education-specific normative data for individual and composite scores for the Greek adapted RAVLT in elderly subjects aged between 60 and 89 years for use in clinical and research settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-39
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease.
  • Greek
  • Rey's auditory verbal learning test
  • composite measures
  • discriminant validity
  • episodic memory
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • normative data elderly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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