After Fukushima: Managing the consequences of a radiological release

Joe Fitzgerald, Samuel B. Wollner, Amesh A. Adalja, Ryan Morhard, Anita Cicero, Thomas Inglesby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Even amidst the devastation following the earthquake and tsunami in Japan that killed more than 20,000 people, it was the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant that led the country's prime minister, Naoto Kan, to fear for "the very existence of the Japanese nation." While accidents that result in mass radiological releases have been rare throughout the operating histories of existing nuclear power plants, the growing number of plants worldwide increases the likelihood that such releases will occur again in the future. Nuclear power is an important source of energy in the U.S. and will be for the foreseeable future. Accidents far smaller in scale than the one in Fukushima could have major societal consequences. Given the extensive, ongoing Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and industry assessment of nuclear power plant safety and preparedness issues, the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC focused on offsite policies and plans intended to reduce radiation exposure to the public in the aftermath of an accident. This report provides an assessment of Japan's efforts at nuclear consequence management; identifies concerns with current U.S. policies and practices for "outside the fence" management of such an event in the U.S.; and makes recommendations for steps that can be taken to strengthen U.S. government, industry, and community response to large-scale accidents at nuclear power plants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalBiosecurity and Bioterrorism
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2012

Fingerprint

Nuclear Power Plants
nuclear power plant
Accidents
accident
Nuclear power plants
Industry
Japan
Tsunamis
Fences
Earthquakes
industry
community response
nuclear power
radiation exposure
management
tsunami
Nuclear energy
minister
Fear
natural disaster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

After Fukushima : Managing the consequences of a radiological release. / Fitzgerald, Joe; Wollner, Samuel B.; Adalja, Amesh A.; Morhard, Ryan; Cicero, Anita; Inglesby, Thomas.

In: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism, Vol. 10, No. 2, 01.06.2012, p. 228-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fitzgerald, J, Wollner, SB, Adalja, AA, Morhard, R, Cicero, A & Inglesby, T 2012, 'After Fukushima: Managing the consequences of a radiological release', Biosecurity and Bioterrorism, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 228-236. https://doi.org/10.1089/bsp.2012.0021
Fitzgerald, Joe ; Wollner, Samuel B. ; Adalja, Amesh A. ; Morhard, Ryan ; Cicero, Anita ; Inglesby, Thomas. / After Fukushima : Managing the consequences of a radiological release. In: Biosecurity and Bioterrorism. 2012 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 228-236.
@article{e74e65d54f6948f1b1b7a8edb8d362e0,
title = "After Fukushima: Managing the consequences of a radiological release",
abstract = "Even amidst the devastation following the earthquake and tsunami in Japan that killed more than 20,000 people, it was the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant that led the country's prime minister, Naoto Kan, to fear for {"}the very existence of the Japanese nation.{"} While accidents that result in mass radiological releases have been rare throughout the operating histories of existing nuclear power plants, the growing number of plants worldwide increases the likelihood that such releases will occur again in the future. Nuclear power is an important source of energy in the U.S. and will be for the foreseeable future. Accidents far smaller in scale than the one in Fukushima could have major societal consequences. Given the extensive, ongoing Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and industry assessment of nuclear power plant safety and preparedness issues, the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC focused on offsite policies and plans intended to reduce radiation exposure to the public in the aftermath of an accident. This report provides an assessment of Japan's efforts at nuclear consequence management; identifies concerns with current U.S. policies and practices for {"}outside the fence{"} management of such an event in the U.S.; and makes recommendations for steps that can be taken to strengthen U.S. government, industry, and community response to large-scale accidents at nuclear power plants.",
author = "Joe Fitzgerald and Wollner, {Samuel B.} and Adalja, {Amesh A.} and Ryan Morhard and Anita Cicero and Thomas Inglesby",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1089/bsp.2012.0021",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "228--236",
journal = "Health security",
issn = "2326-5094",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - After Fukushima

T2 - Managing the consequences of a radiological release

AU - Fitzgerald, Joe

AU - Wollner, Samuel B.

AU - Adalja, Amesh A.

AU - Morhard, Ryan

AU - Cicero, Anita

AU - Inglesby, Thomas

PY - 2012/6/1

Y1 - 2012/6/1

N2 - Even amidst the devastation following the earthquake and tsunami in Japan that killed more than 20,000 people, it was the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant that led the country's prime minister, Naoto Kan, to fear for "the very existence of the Japanese nation." While accidents that result in mass radiological releases have been rare throughout the operating histories of existing nuclear power plants, the growing number of plants worldwide increases the likelihood that such releases will occur again in the future. Nuclear power is an important source of energy in the U.S. and will be for the foreseeable future. Accidents far smaller in scale than the one in Fukushima could have major societal consequences. Given the extensive, ongoing Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and industry assessment of nuclear power plant safety and preparedness issues, the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC focused on offsite policies and plans intended to reduce radiation exposure to the public in the aftermath of an accident. This report provides an assessment of Japan's efforts at nuclear consequence management; identifies concerns with current U.S. policies and practices for "outside the fence" management of such an event in the U.S.; and makes recommendations for steps that can be taken to strengthen U.S. government, industry, and community response to large-scale accidents at nuclear power plants.

AB - Even amidst the devastation following the earthquake and tsunami in Japan that killed more than 20,000 people, it was the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant that led the country's prime minister, Naoto Kan, to fear for "the very existence of the Japanese nation." While accidents that result in mass radiological releases have been rare throughout the operating histories of existing nuclear power plants, the growing number of plants worldwide increases the likelihood that such releases will occur again in the future. Nuclear power is an important source of energy in the U.S. and will be for the foreseeable future. Accidents far smaller in scale than the one in Fukushima could have major societal consequences. Given the extensive, ongoing Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and industry assessment of nuclear power plant safety and preparedness issues, the Center for Biosecurity of UPMC focused on offsite policies and plans intended to reduce radiation exposure to the public in the aftermath of an accident. This report provides an assessment of Japan's efforts at nuclear consequence management; identifies concerns with current U.S. policies and practices for "outside the fence" management of such an event in the U.S.; and makes recommendations for steps that can be taken to strengthen U.S. government, industry, and community response to large-scale accidents at nuclear power plants.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862543814&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862543814&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/bsp.2012.0021

DO - 10.1089/bsp.2012.0021

M3 - Article

C2 - 22578018

AN - SCOPUS:84862543814

VL - 10

SP - 228

EP - 236

JO - Health security

JF - Health security

SN - 2326-5094

IS - 2

ER -