African American Cancer Survivors: Do Cultural Factors Influence Symptom Distress?

Jane M. Finney, Jill B. Hamilton, Eric A. Hodges, Bosny J. Pierre-Louis, Jamie L. Crandell, Hyman B. Muss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine how the cultural factors, stigma, being strong, and religiosity influence symptom distress in African American cancer survivors. Methods: This descriptive correlational study was designed using the Sociocultural Stress and Coping Framework. Seventy-seven African American cancer survivors, recruited from oncology clinics and the community in North Carolina, completed a questionnaire that consisted of measures of demographic and illness characteristics, the Perceived Stigma Scale, the Ways of Helping Questionnaire, the Religious Involvement Scale, and the Symptom Distress Scale. Results: The two cultural factors that were significantly associated with symptom distress were stigma (β =.23, p <.05) and organized religion (β = ∑.50, p <.05). No significant associations were found between being strong or nonorganized religiosity and symptom distress. The most commonly reported symptoms were fatigue (M = 2.44, SD = 1.20), pain (M = 2.26, SD = 1.43), and insomnia (M = 1.95, SD = 1.25). Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate that the cultural factors, stigma, and organized religiosity were significantly associated with symptom distress. Implications for Practice: The results from this study can be used to guide researchers in developing culturally appropriate interventions aimed at alleviating symptom distress in African American cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2015

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Keywords

  • African Americans
  • cancer
  • cultural factors
  • symptom distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Finney, J. M., Hamilton, J. B., Hodges, E. A., Pierre-Louis, B. J., Crandell, J. L., & Muss, H. B. (2015). African American Cancer Survivors: Do Cultural Factors Influence Symptom Distress? Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 26(3), 294-300. https://doi.org/10.1177/1043659614524251