Affective symptoms associated with the onset of major depression in the community: Findings from the US National Institute of Mental Health Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program

A. Dryman, William W Eaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined the strength of relationships between forms of depressive symptoms over a one-year period and the onset of major depression. The data analyzed were collected in 4 sites of the US National Institute of Mental Health Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program (NIMH-ECA, 1981-1985). The Diagnostic Interview Schedule's specifications of DSM-III criteria for major depression were employed. Overall, the results indicated a strong positive association between an onset episode and the following depressive symptoms over 1 year: diminished sexual drive, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guild and trouble concentrating or thinking. Sleep disturbance among women and fatigue among males were also significantly associated with experiencing an onset of major depression. The implications of the findings for secondary prevention efforts are explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume84
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1991

Fingerprint

National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
Affective Symptoms
Depression
Secondary Prevention
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Fatigue
Appointments and Schedules
Sleep
Emotions
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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