Aedes aegypti molecular responses to Zika Virus: Modulation of infection by the toll and Jak/Stat immune pathways and virus host factors

Yesseinia I. Angleró-Rodríguez, Hannah J. MacLeod, Seokyoung Kang, Jenny S. Carlson, Natapong Jupatanakul, George Dimopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Zika (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) are transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. However, the molecular interactions between the vector and ZIKV remain largely unexplored. In this work, we further investigated the tropism of ZIKV in two different Aedes aegypti strains and show that the virus infection kinetics, tissue migration, and susceptibility to infection differ between mosquito strains. We also compare the vector transcriptome changes upon ZIKV or DENV infection demonstrating that 40% of the mosquito's midgut infection-responsive transcriptome is virus-specific at 7 days after virus ingestion. Regulated genes included key factors of the mosquito's anti-viral immunity. Comparison of the ZIKV and DENV infection-responsive transcriptome data to those available for yellow fever virus and West Nile virus identified 26 genes likely to play key roles in virus infection of Aedes mosquitoes. Through reverse genetic analyses, we show that the Toll and the Jak/Stat innate immune pathways mediate increased resistance to ZIKV infection, and the conserved DENV host factors vATPase and inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase are also utilized for ZIKV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2050
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume8
Issue numberOCT
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2017

Keywords

  • Aedes aegypti
  • Dengue virus
  • Innate immunity
  • Vector competence
  • Zika virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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