Adverse Childhood Experiences, Resilience and Mindfulness-Based Approaches: Common Denominator Issues for Children with Emotional, Mental, or Behavioral Problems

Christina Bethell, Narangerel Gombojav, Michele Solloway, Lawrence Wissow

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Based on a recent United Nations report, the US ranks 26th out of 29 countries in child well-being. We also lag in educational and health care system promotion of resilience and social and emotional skills especially impacted by ACEs and highlighted as critical to health of society and the world in the International Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development. Many would attribute these embarrassing results to failures to strengthen families and communities and the proactive promotion of social and emotional skills of children and all people; skills especially impacted by ACEs and effecting generations of children if not addressed. As the call for the transformation of the US health care system grows, clinicians, policymakers, educators, and system leaders are challenged to catalyze and foster a model of health care focused on the proactive pursuit of whole person, whole family, and whole population health and well-being. This paper further confirms the importance of addressing the growing prevalence of EMB, ACEs, and risk regulating protective factors that are potentially malleable using MBMB, such as child resilience, parental coping and stress, and parent-child engagement. Rates of use of MBMB among children with EMB in the United States suggest delayed and underuse of these promising methods. Findings support integrated, family-centered, and mindfulness-based trauma-informed approaches to address social and emotional trauma and interrupt intergenerational cycles of ACEs and their contribution to EMB among children and youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-156
Number of pages18
JournalChild and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adverse childhood experiences
  • Child and adolescent mental health
  • Mindfulness
  • Parent stress
  • Protective factors
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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