Advancing global equity in cardiac care as cardiac implantable electronic device reuse comes of age

Daniel Alyesh, Behzad B. Pavri, William Choe, Mam Chandara, Mahmoud U. Sani, Phong Dinh Phan, Aime Bonny, Paul Khairy, Sunil K. Sinha, Uma Srivatsa, Joseph E. Marine, Kim Eagle, Thomas C. Crawford, Dhanunjaya Lakkireddy, Sri Sundaram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A nation's health and economic development are inextricably and synergistically connected. Stark differences exist between wealthy and developing nations in the use of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). Cardiovascular disease is now the leading cause of death in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), with a significant burden from rhythm-related diseases. As science, technology, education, and regulatory frameworks have improved, CIED recycling for exportation and reuse in LMIC has become possible and primed for widespread adoption. In our manuscript, we outline the science and regulatory pathways regarding CIED reuse. We propose a pathway to advance this technology that includes creating a task force to establish standards for CIED reuse, leveraging professional organizations in areas of need to foster the professional skills for CIED reuse, collaborating with regulatory agencies to create more efficient regulatory expectations and bring the concept to scale, and establishing a global CIED reuse registry for quality assurance and future science.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-806
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Rhythm O2
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • CIED
  • Low
  • Middle income countries
  • Pacemaker
  • Recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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