Adults blink more deeply: A comparative study of the attentional blink across different age groups

Natalie Russo, Wendy R. Kates, Nicole Shea, Megan Leblanc, Bradley Wyble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The attentional blink (AB) is thought to help the visual system parse and categorize rapidly changing information by segmenting it into temporal chunks, and is elicited using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation. It is reflected in a decrease in accuracy at detecting the second of two targets presented within 200-500 ms of the first, and its development appears to be protracted on tasks that require set-shifting. Here, younger (M = 8.5 years) and older (M = 12.8 years) children and adults (M = 19.13 years) completed a simple AB task with no set-shift requirement in which participants detected two letters in a stream of numbers presented at a rate of 135 ms/item. In addition to assessing the developmental course of the AB on this simple task, we also assessed temporal order errors, or swaps. The AB and its associated characteristics are present in both groups but developmental differences were noted in the depth of the AB, and the presence or absence of lag-1 sparing. These developmental changes were explained by changes in a single parameter, inhibition, using the eTST model, which suggests that the AB is an adaptive function of the visual system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDevelopmental Science
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Attentional Blink
Age Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Adults blink more deeply : A comparative study of the attentional blink across different age groups. / Russo, Natalie; Kates, Wendy R.; Shea, Nicole; Leblanc, Megan; Wyble, Bradley.

In: Developmental Science, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Russo, Natalie ; Kates, Wendy R. ; Shea, Nicole ; Leblanc, Megan ; Wyble, Bradley. / Adults blink more deeply : A comparative study of the attentional blink across different age groups. In: Developmental Science. 2016.
@article{d96fa0cf530140618049e4e159e8b901,
title = "Adults blink more deeply: A comparative study of the attentional blink across different age groups",
abstract = "The attentional blink (AB) is thought to help the visual system parse and categorize rapidly changing information by segmenting it into temporal chunks, and is elicited using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation. It is reflected in a decrease in accuracy at detecting the second of two targets presented within 200-500 ms of the first, and its development appears to be protracted on tasks that require set-shifting. Here, younger (M = 8.5 years) and older (M = 12.8 years) children and adults (M = 19.13 years) completed a simple AB task with no set-shift requirement in which participants detected two letters in a stream of numbers presented at a rate of 135 ms/item. In addition to assessing the developmental course of the AB on this simple task, we also assessed temporal order errors, or swaps. The AB and its associated characteristics are present in both groups but developmental differences were noted in the depth of the AB, and the presence or absence of lag-1 sparing. These developmental changes were explained by changes in a single parameter, inhibition, using the eTST model, which suggests that the AB is an adaptive function of the visual system.",
author = "Natalie Russo and Kates, {Wendy R.} and Nicole Shea and Megan Leblanc and Bradley Wyble",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1111/desc.12512",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Developmental Science",
issn = "1363-755X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adults blink more deeply

T2 - A comparative study of the attentional blink across different age groups

AU - Russo, Natalie

AU - Kates, Wendy R.

AU - Shea, Nicole

AU - Leblanc, Megan

AU - Wyble, Bradley

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The attentional blink (AB) is thought to help the visual system parse and categorize rapidly changing information by segmenting it into temporal chunks, and is elicited using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation. It is reflected in a decrease in accuracy at detecting the second of two targets presented within 200-500 ms of the first, and its development appears to be protracted on tasks that require set-shifting. Here, younger (M = 8.5 years) and older (M = 12.8 years) children and adults (M = 19.13 years) completed a simple AB task with no set-shift requirement in which participants detected two letters in a stream of numbers presented at a rate of 135 ms/item. In addition to assessing the developmental course of the AB on this simple task, we also assessed temporal order errors, or swaps. The AB and its associated characteristics are present in both groups but developmental differences were noted in the depth of the AB, and the presence or absence of lag-1 sparing. These developmental changes were explained by changes in a single parameter, inhibition, using the eTST model, which suggests that the AB is an adaptive function of the visual system.

AB - The attentional blink (AB) is thought to help the visual system parse and categorize rapidly changing information by segmenting it into temporal chunks, and is elicited using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation. It is reflected in a decrease in accuracy at detecting the second of two targets presented within 200-500 ms of the first, and its development appears to be protracted on tasks that require set-shifting. Here, younger (M = 8.5 years) and older (M = 12.8 years) children and adults (M = 19.13 years) completed a simple AB task with no set-shift requirement in which participants detected two letters in a stream of numbers presented at a rate of 135 ms/item. In addition to assessing the developmental course of the AB on this simple task, we also assessed temporal order errors, or swaps. The AB and its associated characteristics are present in both groups but developmental differences were noted in the depth of the AB, and the presence or absence of lag-1 sparing. These developmental changes were explained by changes in a single parameter, inhibition, using the eTST model, which suggests that the AB is an adaptive function of the visual system.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007438999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85007438999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/desc.12512

DO - 10.1111/desc.12512

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85007438999

JO - Developmental Science

JF - Developmental Science

SN - 1363-755X

ER -