Adult veno-arterial extracorporeal life support

Tariq Lescouflair, Ronald Figura, Anthony Tran, Ahmet Kilic

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Extracorporeal life support (ECLS)/extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a powerful tool in the surgeon's armamentarium. The rapid evolution of ECLS over the last four decades has improved survival in patients with cardiopulmonary failure. With the pandemic outbreak of H1N1 in 2009 and onward, the application of ECLS has only risen. Yet, amongst the outcomes reporting and improved survival, the water remains hazy in terms of outcome predictors as well as discovery of the "ideal" system. There remains much room for innovation and research related to circuit construction, ideal flow, myocardial recovery, and additional applications of ECLS. We present a review on the topic of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S1811-S1818
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Keywords

  • Artificial ventilation
  • Cardiopulmonary arrest
  • Extracorporeal life support (ECLS)
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)
  • Mechanical circulatory support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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