The proteasome ubiquitin receptor ADRM1 has been shown to be a driver for 20q13.3 amplification in epithelial cancers including ovarian and colon cancer. We performed array-CGH on 16 gastric cancer cell lines and found 20q13.3 to be amplified in 19% with the minimal amplified region in gastric cancer cell line AGS spanning a 1 Mb region including ADRM1. Expression microarray analysis shows overexpression of only two genes in the minimal region, ADRM1 and OSBPL2. While RNAi knockdown of both ADRM1 and OSBPL2 led to a slight reduction in growth, only ADRM1 RNAi knockdown led to a significant reduction in migration and growth in soft-agar. Treatment of AGS cells with the ADRM1 inhibitor RA190 resulted in proteasome inhibition, but RNAi knockdown of ADRM1 did not. However, RNAi knockdown of ADRM1 led to a significant reduction in specific proteins including MNAT1, HRS, and EGFR. We hypothesize that ADRM1 may act in ADRM1-amplified gastric cancer to alter protein levels of specific oncogenes resulting in an increase in metastatic potential. Selective inhibition of ADRM1 independent of proteasome inhibition may result in a targeted therapy for ADRM1-amplified gastric cancer. In vivo models are now warranted to validate these findings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research