Adoptive immunotherapy of a newly induced sarcoma: Immunologic characteristics of effector cells

S. Shu, S. A. Rosenberg

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62 Scopus citations


A newly induced syngeneic transplantable sarcoma, MCA 105, was used for studies of the biologic characteristics of fresh noncultured and secondarily in vitro sensitized (IVS) cells with antitumor reactivity. Fresh spleen cells harvested from mice immunized to the MCA 105 tumor by a mixture of viable tumor cells and Corynebacterium parvum exhibited no detectable cytotoxic activity to MCA 105 tumor targets in a 4-hr chromium-release assay, and adoptive transfer of these cells mediated the specific regression of established MCA 105 tumors. Phenotypic analysis of fresh, noncultured immune cells revealed that the therapeutically effective cells expressed both the Lyt-1 and the Lyt-2 T cell differentiation antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of fresh noncultured immune cells was not augmented by the concomitant administration of exogeneous interleukin 2 (IL 2). Secondary IVS of fresh immune cells with irradiated MCA 105 tumor stimulator cells resulted in the generation of tumor-specific cytotoxic effector cells. The generation of cytotoxic effector cells required Lyt-1+,2+ cytotoxic precursor cells. Effective adoptive immunotherapy with these IVS immune cells, unlike fresh noncultured immune cells, depended on the concomitant administration of IL 2. Furthermore, the generation of therapeutically effective cells did not require the specific stimulation by MCA 105 tumor cells, because cultures of MCA 105 immune spleen cells with FBL-3 lymphoma cells in vitro also contained in vivo functional immune effector cells. These cells, however, possessed no detectable MCA 105 cytotoxic activity in vitro. Although this observation suggests that a noncytotoxic cell population is sufficient to initiate tumor regression in vivo, it does not exclude the possibility that cytolytic cells are generated in vivo after adoptive transfer of these cells. As a whole, our results indicate that secondary IVS functional immune effector cells are characteristically distinct from freshly harvested immune cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2895-2903
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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