Adoption of enhanced recovery after laparotomy in gynecologic oncology

Ana Sofia Ore, Matthew A. Shear, Fong W. Liu, John L. Dalrymple, Christopher S. Awtrey, Leslie Garrett, Hannah Stack-Dunnbier, Michele R. Hacker, Katharine Mc Kinley Esselen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways combine a comprehensive set of peri-operative practices that have been demonstrated to hasten patient post-operative recovery. We aimed to evaluate the adoption of ERAS components and assess attitudes towards ERAS among gynecologic oncologists. Methods We developed and administered a cross-sectional survey of attending, fellow, and resident physicians who were members of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology in January 2018. The χ 2 test was used to compare adherence to individual components of ERAS. Results There was a 23% survey response rate and we analyzed 289 responses: 79% were attending physicians, 57% were from academic institutions, and 64% were from institutions with an established ERAS pathway. Respondents from ERAS institutions were significantly more likely to adhere to recommendations regarding pre-operative fasting for liquids (ERAS 51%, non-ERAS 28%; p<0.001), carbohydrate loading (63% vs 16%; p<0.001), intra-operative fluid management (78% vs 32%; p<0.001), and extended duration of deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis for malignancy (69% vs 55%; p=0.003). We found no difference in the use of mechanical bowel preparation, use of peritoneal drainage, or use of nasogastric tubes between ERAS and non-ERAS institutions. Nearly all respondents (92%) felt that ERAS pathways were safe. Discussion Practicing at an institution with an ERAS pathway increased adoption of many ERAS elements; however, adherence to certain guidelines remains highly variable. Use of bowel preparation, nasogastric tubes, and peritoneal drainage catheters remain common. Future work should identify barriers to the implementation of ERAS and its components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • laparotomy
  • postoperative care
  • preoperative care
  • surgical oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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