Adolescents with negative pregnancy test results. An accessible at-risk group

Laurie Schwab Zabin, Mark Ross Emerson, Patricia A. Ringers, Valerie Sedivy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. - To estimate nationally what percentage of young women receive negative pregnancy test results before becoming pregnant, to explore their fertility and test histories, and to estimate the potential for intervention at the time of a negative test result. Design. - A cross-sectional study in which young women presenting to clinics for pregnancy tests were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire before test results were known that explored prior pregnancy tests, pregnancies, sexual and contraceptive histories, and childbearing attitudes. Setting. - Fifty-two clinics including hospital, health department, Planned Parenthood, and independent facilities. Participants. - A total of 2926 patients aged 17 years or younger requesting pregnancy tests at presentation. Results. - Among young women who had ever conceived, 34.2% had a prior negative pregnancy test result and 24.4% had a prior negative test result at a clinic. Almost three of five of the adolescent girls, including both those who had and those who had not conceived, received a negative test result at a clinic before they ever became pregnant. By the age of 14 years, the probability of a negative test result was substantially greater than the chance of a positive test. Many presented for tests even though they were quite certain that they were not pregnant. Conclusions. - Adolescent girls with a negative pregnancy test result may be an appropriate target group for intervention. One fourth of adolescent girls who have a negative pregnancy test may be identified by the health care system on that occasion in time to prevent early childbearing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-117
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume275
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 10 1996

Fingerprint

Pregnancy Tests
Reproductive History
Hospital Departments
Fertility
Cross-Sectional Studies
Delivery of Health Care
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Adolescents with negative pregnancy test results. An accessible at-risk group. / Zabin, Laurie Schwab; Emerson, Mark Ross; Ringers, Patricia A.; Sedivy, Valerie.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 275, No. 2, 10.01.1996, p. 113-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zabin, Laurie Schwab ; Emerson, Mark Ross ; Ringers, Patricia A. ; Sedivy, Valerie. / Adolescents with negative pregnancy test results. An accessible at-risk group. In: Journal of the American Medical Association. 1996 ; Vol. 275, No. 2. pp. 113-117.
@article{d15f299cdc5048b4a5a3c84deba4effb,
title = "Adolescents with negative pregnancy test results. An accessible at-risk group",
abstract = "Objective. - To estimate nationally what percentage of young women receive negative pregnancy test results before becoming pregnant, to explore their fertility and test histories, and to estimate the potential for intervention at the time of a negative test result. Design. - A cross-sectional study in which young women presenting to clinics for pregnancy tests were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire before test results were known that explored prior pregnancy tests, pregnancies, sexual and contraceptive histories, and childbearing attitudes. Setting. - Fifty-two clinics including hospital, health department, Planned Parenthood, and independent facilities. Participants. - A total of 2926 patients aged 17 years or younger requesting pregnancy tests at presentation. Results. - Among young women who had ever conceived, 34.2{\%} had a prior negative pregnancy test result and 24.4{\%} had a prior negative test result at a clinic. Almost three of five of the adolescent girls, including both those who had and those who had not conceived, received a negative test result at a clinic before they ever became pregnant. By the age of 14 years, the probability of a negative test result was substantially greater than the chance of a positive test. Many presented for tests even though they were quite certain that they were not pregnant. Conclusions. - Adolescent girls with a negative pregnancy test result may be an appropriate target group for intervention. One fourth of adolescent girls who have a negative pregnancy test may be identified by the health care system on that occasion in time to prevent early childbearing.",
author = "Zabin, {Laurie Schwab} and Emerson, {Mark Ross} and Ringers, {Patricia A.} and Valerie Sedivy",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "10",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "275",
pages = "113--117",
journal = "JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association",
issn = "0098-7484",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescents with negative pregnancy test results. An accessible at-risk group

AU - Zabin, Laurie Schwab

AU - Emerson, Mark Ross

AU - Ringers, Patricia A.

AU - Sedivy, Valerie

PY - 1996/1/10

Y1 - 1996/1/10

N2 - Objective. - To estimate nationally what percentage of young women receive negative pregnancy test results before becoming pregnant, to explore their fertility and test histories, and to estimate the potential for intervention at the time of a negative test result. Design. - A cross-sectional study in which young women presenting to clinics for pregnancy tests were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire before test results were known that explored prior pregnancy tests, pregnancies, sexual and contraceptive histories, and childbearing attitudes. Setting. - Fifty-two clinics including hospital, health department, Planned Parenthood, and independent facilities. Participants. - A total of 2926 patients aged 17 years or younger requesting pregnancy tests at presentation. Results. - Among young women who had ever conceived, 34.2% had a prior negative pregnancy test result and 24.4% had a prior negative test result at a clinic. Almost three of five of the adolescent girls, including both those who had and those who had not conceived, received a negative test result at a clinic before they ever became pregnant. By the age of 14 years, the probability of a negative test result was substantially greater than the chance of a positive test. Many presented for tests even though they were quite certain that they were not pregnant. Conclusions. - Adolescent girls with a negative pregnancy test result may be an appropriate target group for intervention. One fourth of adolescent girls who have a negative pregnancy test may be identified by the health care system on that occasion in time to prevent early childbearing.

AB - Objective. - To estimate nationally what percentage of young women receive negative pregnancy test results before becoming pregnant, to explore their fertility and test histories, and to estimate the potential for intervention at the time of a negative test result. Design. - A cross-sectional study in which young women presenting to clinics for pregnancy tests were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire before test results were known that explored prior pregnancy tests, pregnancies, sexual and contraceptive histories, and childbearing attitudes. Setting. - Fifty-two clinics including hospital, health department, Planned Parenthood, and independent facilities. Participants. - A total of 2926 patients aged 17 years or younger requesting pregnancy tests at presentation. Results. - Among young women who had ever conceived, 34.2% had a prior negative pregnancy test result and 24.4% had a prior negative test result at a clinic. Almost three of five of the adolescent girls, including both those who had and those who had not conceived, received a negative test result at a clinic before they ever became pregnant. By the age of 14 years, the probability of a negative test result was substantially greater than the chance of a positive test. Many presented for tests even though they were quite certain that they were not pregnant. Conclusions. - Adolescent girls with a negative pregnancy test result may be an appropriate target group for intervention. One fourth of adolescent girls who have a negative pregnancy test may be identified by the health care system on that occasion in time to prevent early childbearing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030061695&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030061695&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8531305

AN - SCOPUS:0030061695

VL - 275

SP - 113

EP - 117

JO - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JF - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

SN - 0098-7484

IS - 2

ER -