Adolescents' responses to the gender valence of cigarette advertising imagery: The role of affect and the self-concept

William G. Shadel, Raymond Niaura, David B. Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The studies presented in this manuscript evaluated the role that affect and the self-concept play in adolescent never smokers' reactions to the gender valence of cigarette advertising imagery. Study 1 (n=29; 59% female) revealed that adolescent females have more positive affective reactions to female-valenced cigarette advertising imagery compared to male-valenced cigarette advertising imagery. Study 2 (n=101; 56% female) revealed that adolescent females viewed female-valenced cigarette advertising imagery as more relevant to their self-concepts compared to male-valenced cigarette advertising imagery. Across both studies, male adolescents did not respond differently as a function of the gender valence of cigarette advertising imagery. Thus, female-valenced cigarette advertising imagery may have specific effects on never smoking female adolescents by enhancing positive affect and suggesting that women who smoke hold the same characteristics as do the young women themselves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1735-1744
Number of pages10
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume29
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Advertising
  • Affect
  • Gender differences
  • Self-concept
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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