Adolescents as victims of familial violence: a hospital based surveillance.

G. Saluja, V. Marquez, T. L. Cheng, A. Trumble, R. A. Brenner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Adolescent abuse is an important and understudied issue in society. The objective of this study was to examine the epidemiology of physical injuries due to maltreatment among adolescents aged 10-19 years. Subjects came from seven hospitals/trauma centres in Washington DC that were involved in the Washington DC Initiative to Reduce Infant Mortality and Prevention of Childhood Injuries Study. From 1996-1998, information was gathered about all injuries to adolescents aged 10-19 years that resulted in a visit to a participating emergency department. This paper focuses on the subset 178 adolescents aged 10-19 years who presented with physical injuries due to maltreatment. It was found that 55% of victims of abuse were female. Abuse victims were more likely to be female than those with unintentional injury. The most common injuries were contusions to the extremities (29%). Mothers were the most common perpetrators (48%). A total of 64% of victims were assaulted with an object/weapon and the most common object used was a belt. There are some similarities and some important differences between patterns of maltreatment in adolescents vs. younger children. Increased awareness of maltreatment among older children is a critical step in increasing and improving screening and prevention practices among health-care professionals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalInternational journal of injury control and safety promotion
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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