Adolescents and young adults with early acquired HIV infection in the united states: unique challenges in treatment and secondary prevention

Hasiya Yusuf, Allison Agwu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Worldwide, children who acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at an early age, either perinatally or through blood transfusion, are reaching adolescence and adulthood due to successful antiretroviral treatment (ART). While many are thriving, a significant proportion face unprecedented multilevel challenges that can affect their long-term outcomes. Specifically, longstanding and poorly controlled HIV resulting from inadequate early regimens and nonadherence, along with the toxicities of some ART agents, can predispose them to sequelae including HIV-associated complications and other comorbidities. Areas covered: This paper reviews and summarizes the unique issues facing adolescents and young adults with early acquired HIV (AYA-EAHIV), including ART challenges, emerging comorbidities, and complications, including mental health comorbidities, secondary prevention, and transition from pediatric/adolescent to adult care. Expert opinion: AYA-EAHIV are a special population that have lived their entire lives with the physical and psychological toll of HIV mandating targeted and purposeful approaches to optimize their management and outcomes. Multifaceted inclusive and context-specific approaches focusing on heightened research, risk reduction interventions, and ‘outside the box’ thinking will be required to optimize treatment and reduce morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-471
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Early acquired HIV
  • adherence
  • adolescent
  • chronic HIV
  • comorbidities
  • perinatal HIV
  • risk reduction
  • secondary prevention
  • virologic suppression
  • young adult

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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