Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: modern management guidelines.

Michael K. Shindle, A. Jay Khanna, Rishi Bhatnagar, Paul D. Sponseller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), a structural lateral curvature of the spine of uncertain etiology, is the most common cause of spinal deformity in adolescents. In its most severe form, AIS is characterized by progressive spinal curvature that may lead to a permanent deformity. Thus, the goal of treatment is early detection and prevention of progression. This article provides a review of general spinal anatomy relevant to AIS and its etiology, describes several proposed methods of classifying curves in AIS, delineates the natural history of AIS, and discusses the nonoperative and operative treatment options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-52
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of surgical orthopaedic advances
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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