Adolescent condom use and perceptions of risk for sexually transmitted diseases a prospective study

Jonathan M. Ellen, Nancy Adler, Jill E. Gurvey, Susan G. Millstein, Jeanne Tschann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The authors' previous research has shown that in cross-sectional analysis, partner-specific perceptions of risk for gonorrhea and chlamydial and HIV infection correlated with partner-specific intentions to use condoms. Goal: The goal was to determine whether partner-specific measures of perception of risk for STDs (PRSTD) predict partner-specific condom use 6 months later among high-risk and low-risk youth. Study Design: Youths aged 14 to 19 years were recruited from an STD clinic (n = 236) and an HMO teen clinic (n = 306) and were interviewed at baseline and at 6 months about PRSTD, attitudes about condoms, self-efficacy, normative expectations, and condom use. Results: PRSTD with a main sex partner was an independent predictor of condom use with a main sex partner in the STD clinic cohort (odds ratio = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.1-6.2). There was no association between PRSTD with a casual sex partner and condom use in this cohort or between PRSTD for main or casual sex partners and condom use in the HMO teen clinic cohort. Conclusion: Interventions that target high-risk adolescents should focus on PRSTD with a main sex partner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-762
Number of pages7
JournalSexually transmitted diseases
Volume29
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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