Adjunctive Use of Cidofovir and Intravenous Immunoglobulin to Treat Invasive Adenoviral Disease in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Nitipong Permpalung, Monica V. Mahoney, Carolyn D. Alonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Infections with adenoviruses (ADVs) can result in considerable mortality and morbidity in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Standard therapy for ADV infections in transplant recipients is not established. At our institution, intravenous cidofovir and immunoglobulin have been used to treat disseminated or invasive ADV in SOT and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients. Methods: A retrospective case series of SOT recipients treated with cidofovir and intravenous immunoglobulin was performed. Results: Five SOT recipients (four renal and one heart transplant) with adenovirus infection were treated successfully with cidofovir and immunoglobulin. Cidofovir was discontinued after the first negative ADV viral load and resolution of clinical symptoms, given the concern for nephrotoxicity in renal transplant recipients. Renal tubular acidosis type 2 and iritis were observed in two patients receiving therapy. Conclusion: Symptom resolution and a single negative ADV viral load may be indicators for cidofovir discontinuation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1260-1266
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacotherapy
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • adenovirus
  • cidofovir
  • intravenous immunoglobulin
  • solid organ transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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