Adipose differentiation-related protein regulates lipids and insulin in pancreatic islets

D. M. Faleck, K. Ali, R. Roat, M. J. Graham, R. M. Crooke, R. Battisti, E. Garcia, R. S. Ahima, Y. Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The excess accumulation of lipids in islets is thought to contribute to the development of diabetes in obesity by impairing β-cell function. However, lipids also serve a nutrient function in islets, and fatty acids acutely increase insulin secretion. A better understanding of lipid metabolism in islets will shed light on complex effects of lipids on β-cells. Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADFP) is localized on the surface of lipid droplets in a wide range of cells and plays an important role in intracellular lipid metabolism. We found that ADFP was highly expressed in murine β-cells. Moreover, islet ADFP was increased in mice on a high-fat diet (3.5-fold of control) and after fasting (2.5-fold of control), revealing dynamic changes in ADFP in response to metabolic cues. ADFP expression was also increased by addition of fatty acids in human islets. The downregulation of ADFP in MIN6 cells by antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) suppressed the accumulation of triglycerides upon fatty acid loading (56% of control) along with a reduction in the mRNA levels of lipogenic genes such as diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase-2 and fatty acid synthase. Fatty acid uptake, oxidation, and lipolysis were also reduced by downregulation of ADFP. Moreover, the reduction of ADFP impaired the ability of palmitate to increase insulin secretion. These findings demonstrate that ADFP is important in regulation of lipid metabolism and insulin secretion in β-cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E249-E257
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume299
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fasting
  • High-fat diet
  • MIN6 cells
  • Oleic acid
  • Palmitic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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