Adherence to Tobacco Dependence Treatment Among HIV-Infected Smokers

Kristine K. Browning, Mary Ellen Wewers, Amy K. Ferketich, Philip Diaz, Susan L. Koletar, Nancy R. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

High prevalence of tobacco use and low success in quitting remain significant problems for reducing disease burden among HIV-infected persons. This study’s purpose was to examine participant responsiveness and tobacco dependence treatment adherence and their influences on tobacco abstinence among HIV-infected patients. This non-randomized study included HIV-infected smokers 18 years of age or older, who smoked at least 5 cigarettes per day, and had an interest in quitting smoking in the next 30 days. HIV-infected smokers (n = 247) received a 12-week tobacco dependence treatment intervention that included pharmacotherapy and telephone counseling. Younger age and non-White race were associated with lower adherence to pharmacotherapy. Younger age, non-White race, and increased monthly binge drinking were associated with lower adherence to telephone counseling. High participant responsiveness was associated with adherence to pharmacotherapy, counseling, and abstinence. Development and testing of interventions to improve adherence to evidence-based tobacco dependence treatment is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-621
Number of pages14
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • HIV
  • Participant responsiveness
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco dependence treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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