The adenovirus E4 ORF6/7 protein has been shown to activate the cellular transcription factor E2F. E2F activation leads to activation of the adenovirus early E2 promoter which controls the production of viral DNA replication proteins. In the present study an adenovirus type 5 cDNA mutant, H5ilE4L, was constructed. This mutant is capable of making the ORF6/7 polypeptide but lacks the coding sequences for all other E4 products. H5ilE4L trans activates the early F2 promoter to wild-type levels, but still it is defective for viral DNA replication. A mutant expressing ORF6 in addition to ORF6/7, H5ilE4I, is normal for viral DNA replication. This indicates that activation of the early E2 promoter is insufficient to promote efficient viral DNA replication and that another F4-encoded function is necessary . The ORF6 protein seems to provide this function. We suggest that ORF6/7-induced activation of E2F is not necessary, for adenovirus growth in HeLa cells. Rather, this activation might be of importance in the normal, growth-arrested host cell, since E2F has been shown to bind to the promoter regions of a number of immediate-early genes inv olved in regulation of cell proliferation (M. Mudryj, S. W. Hiebert, and J. R. Nevins, EMBO J. 9:2179-2184, 1990).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science