Adenoidal width and HIV factors

David Mark Yousem, Laurie A. Loevner, Jennifer D. Tobey, Rena J. Geckle, Warren B. Bilker, Ara A. Chalian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the factors that correspond to adenoidal hypertrophy, often prominent in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. METHODS: The sagittal T1-weighted MR images of 21 HIV-positive patients (age range, 25 to 50 years; mean, 37 years) and 21 healthy control subjects (age range, 24 to 55 years; mean, 35 years) were reviewed blindly and independently by two radiologists who measured the maximal dimension of the nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue. Twenty-six additional HIV-positive patients were combined with the original 21 HIV-positive patients, and the hematologic studies of these 47 patients were compared with the adenoidal measurements to assess whether a relationship existed between nasopharyngeal prominence and hematocrit, white blood cell count, and CD4 count. RESULTS: Mean adenoidal width was 6.76 mm (SD, 5.82) in the HIV-positive population, but was only 3.36 mm (SD, 2.48) in the age-matched control group. Age and HIV status correlated with nasopharyngeal width measurements. No relationship between adenoidal width and hematocrit, CD4 count, or white blood cell count was evident. CONCLUSION: After correcting for age, we found that adenoidal lymphoid tissue is more abundant in HIV-positive persons than in control subjects. The hematologic ramifications of this finding remain uncertain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1721-1725
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume18
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

HIV
Lymphoid Tissue
CD4 Lymphocyte Count
Leukocyte Count
Hematocrit
Hypertrophy
Healthy Volunteers
Research Design
Control Groups
Population

Keywords

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Neck, inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

Yousem, D. M., Loevner, L. A., Tobey, J. D., Geckle, R. J., Bilker, W. B., & Chalian, A. A. (1997). Adenoidal width and HIV factors. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 18(9), 1721-1725.

Adenoidal width and HIV factors. / Yousem, David Mark; Loevner, Laurie A.; Tobey, Jennifer D.; Geckle, Rena J.; Bilker, Warren B.; Chalian, Ara A.

In: American Journal of Neuroradiology, Vol. 18, No. 9, 10.1997, p. 1721-1725.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yousem, DM, Loevner, LA, Tobey, JD, Geckle, RJ, Bilker, WB & Chalian, AA 1997, 'Adenoidal width and HIV factors', American Journal of Neuroradiology, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 1721-1725.
Yousem DM, Loevner LA, Tobey JD, Geckle RJ, Bilker WB, Chalian AA. Adenoidal width and HIV factors. American Journal of Neuroradiology. 1997 Oct;18(9):1721-1725.
Yousem, David Mark ; Loevner, Laurie A. ; Tobey, Jennifer D. ; Geckle, Rena J. ; Bilker, Warren B. ; Chalian, Ara A. / Adenoidal width and HIV factors. In: American Journal of Neuroradiology. 1997 ; Vol. 18, No. 9. pp. 1721-1725.
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