Adenoidal width and HIV factors

David M. Yousem, Laurie A. Loevner, Jennifer D. Tobey, Rena J. Geckle, Warren B. Bilker, Ara A. Chalian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the factors that correspond to adenoidal hypertrophy, often prominent in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. METHODS: The sagittal T1-weighted MR images of 21 HIV-positive patients (age range, 25 to 50 years; mean, 37 years) and 21 healthy control subjects (age range, 24 to 55 years; mean, 35 years) were reviewed blindly and independently by two radiologists who measured the maximal dimension of the nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue. Twenty-six additional HIV-positive patients were combined with the original 21 HIV-positive patients, and the hematologic studies of these 47 patients were compared with the adenoidal measurements to assess whether a relationship existed between nasopharyngeal prominence and hematocrit, white blood cell count, and CD4 count. RESULTS: Mean adenoidal width was 6.76 mm (SD, 5.82) in the HIV-positive population, but was only 3.36 mm (SD, 2.48) in the age-matched control group. Age and HIV status correlated with nasopharyngeal width measurements. No relationship between adenoidal width and hematocrit, CD4 count, or white blood cell count was evident. CONCLUSION: After correcting for age, we found that adenoidal lymphoid tissue is more abundant in HIV-positive persons than in control subjects. The hematologic ramifications of this finding remain uncertain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1721-1725
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume18
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1 1997

Keywords

  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Neck, inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Yousem, D. M., Loevner, L. A., Tobey, J. D., Geckle, R. J., Bilker, W. B., & Chalian, A. A. (1997). Adenoidal width and HIV factors. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 18(9), 1721-1725.