As data continue to accumulate, the clinical characteristics of preinvasive and early invasive glandular cervical neoplasia are becoming progressively better defined. Cytologic screening for these lesions is imprecise; however, modifications to current classification systems may improve the overall accuracy. All glandular abnormalities on the Papanicolaou smear, nevertheless, require judicious evaluation and careful follow-up. Cervical conization is the most definitive means of diagnosing adenocarcinoma in situ (ACIS). Because ACIS has been thought to represent a multifocal process, with negative conization margins having limited predictive value, conservative management protocols have been difficult to endorse. Several large studies now indicate that the surgical margin status may be a more reliable indicator of true disease clearance than previously thought. For young patients desiring to maintain reproductive capacity, ACIS appears to be safely managed by cold-knife conization combined with diligent surveillance. Early invasive adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix is associated with an excellent prognosis, and recent data suggest that radical surgery may be unnecessary.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research