Addiction severity index composite scores as predictors for sexual-risk behaviors and drug-use behaviors in drug-using pregnant patients

R. Chaudhury, H. E. Jones, W. Wechsberg, K. E. O'Grady, M. Tuten, M. S. Chisolm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: HIV sexual-risk and drug-use behavior predictors have been studied in non-pregnant but not pregnant drug-dependent populations. Objective: Examine the ability of the ASI composite scores to predict HIV sexual- and drug-risk scores as well as the individual items of a modified version of the Risk Assessment Battery in drug-using pregnant women. Methods: Pregnant women (N 76) completing pretreatment ASI and HIV-risk questionnaires. Results: The Legal composite score was the sole significant predictor of the sexual-risk score, with a 1 SD increase in the Legal composite score resulting in a 24 increase in sexual-risk, p < .001. The Medical, Drug, and Legal composite scores were each significant predictors of the drug-risk score, with a 1 SD increase resulting in a 31 decrease, and 121 and 73 increases, respectively, in drug-risk, all ps < .05. Conclusions and Scientific Significance: Drug-using pregnant women and their fetuses are vulnerable to the consequences of both sexual-risk behaviors and drug-use. The ASI may help screen such patients for HIV sexual-risk and drug-use behaviors as a first step in tailoring treatment to address these issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Drug addiction
  • HIV
  • Pregnancy
  • Sexual behavior
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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