Detecting targets occluded by foliage in foliage-penetrating (FOPEN) ultra-wideband synthetic aperture radar (UWB SAR) images is an important and challenging problem. Given the different nature of target returns in foliage and nonfoliage regions and very low signal-to-clutter ratio in UWB imagery, conventional detection algorithms fail to yield robust target detection results. A new target detection algorithm is proposed that 1) incorporates symmetric alpha-stable (SαS) distributions for accurate clutter modeling, 2) constructs a two-dimensional (2-D) site model for deriving local context, and 3) exploits the site model for region-adaptive target detection. Theoretical and empirical evidence is given to support the use of the SαS model for image segmentation and constant false alarm rate (CFAR) detection. Results of our algorithm on real FOPEN images collected by the Army Research Laboratory are provided.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design