Adaptive acceleration of visually evoked smooth eye movements in mice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The optokinetic response (OKR) consists of smooth eye movements following global motion of the visual surround, which suppress image slip on the retina for visual acuity. The effective performance of the OKR is limited to rather slow and low-frequency visual stimuli, although it can be adaptably improved by cerebellum-dependent mechanisms. To better understand circuit mechanisms constraining OKR performance, we monitored how distinct kinematic features of the OKR change over the course of OKR adaptation, and found that eye acceleration at stimulus onset primarily limited OKR performance but could be dramatically potentiated by visual experience. Eye acceleration in the temporal-to-nasal direction depended more on the ipsilateral floccular complex of the cerebellum than did that in the nasal-to-temporal direction. Gaze-holding following the OKR was also modified in parallel with eye-acceleration potentiation. Optogenetic manipulation revealed that synchronous excitation and inhibition of floccular complex Purkinje cells could effectively accelerate eye movements in the nasotemporal and temporonasal directions, respectively. These results collectively delineate multiple motor pathways subserving distinct aspects of the OKR in mice and constrain hypotheses regarding cellular mechanisms of the cerebellumdependent tuning of movement acceleration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6836-6849
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume36
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 22 2016

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Cerebellum
  • Mouse
  • Optokinetic response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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