Acute hypoxia increases intracellular [Ca2+] in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle by enhancing capacitative Ca2+ entry

Jian Wang, Larissa A. Shimoda, Letitia Weigand, Wenqian Wang, Dejun Sun, J. T. Sylvester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) requires influx of extracellular Ca2+ in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). To determine whether capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) through store-operated Ca 2+ channels (SOCCs) contributes to this influx, we used fluorescent microscopy and the Ca2+-sensitive dye fura-2 to measure effects of 4% O2 on intracellular [Ca2+] ([Ca2+] i) and CCE in primary cultures of PASMCs from rat distal pulmonary arteries. In PASMCs perfused with Ca2+-free Krebs Ringer bicarbonate solution (KRBS) containing cyclopiazonic acid to deplete Ca2+ stores in sarcoplasmic reticulum and nifedipine to prevent Ca2+ entry through L-type voltage-operated Ca2+ channels (VOCCs), hypoxia markedly enhanced both the increase in [Ca2+]i caused by restoration of extracellular [Ca2+] and the rate at which extracellular Mn2+ quenched fura-2 fluorescence. These effects, as well as the increased [Ca2+]i caused by hypoxia in PASMCs perfused with normal salt solutions, were blocked by the SOCC antagonists SKF-96365, NiCl2, and LaCl3 at concentrations that inhibited CCE >80% but did not alter [Ca2+]i responses to 60 mM KCl. In contrast, the VOCC antagonist nifedipine inhibited [Ca 2+]i responses to hypoxia by only 50% at concentrations that completely blocked responses to KCl. The increased [Ca2+] i caused by hypoxia was completely reversed by perfusion with Ca 2+-free KRBS. LaCl3 increased basal [Ca2+] i during normoxia, indicating effects other than inhibition of SOCCs. Our results suggest that acute hypoxia enhances CCE through SOCCs in distal PASMCs, leading to depolarization, secondary activation of VOCCs, and increased [Ca2+]i. SOCCs and CCE may play important roles in HPV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L1059-L1069
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume288
Issue number6 32-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

Keywords

  • Calcium
  • Ion channels
  • Pulmonary artery
  • Rat
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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