Acute heart failure admissions in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory: The NSW HF snapshot study

Phillip J. Newton, Patricia M. Davidson, Christopher M. Reid, Henry Krum, Christopher Hayward, David W. Sibbritt, Emily Banks, Peter S. Macdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The primary aim of the NSW Heart Failure (HF) Snapshot was to obtain a representative cross-sectional view of patients with acute HF and their management in New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory hospitals Design and setting: A prospective audit of consecutive patients admitted to 24 participating hospitals in NSW and the ACT with a diagnosis of acute HF was conducted from 8 July 2013 to 8 August 2013. Results: A total of 811 participants were recruited (mean age, 77 13 years; 58% were men; 42% had a left ventricular ejection fraction 50%). The median Charlson Comorbidity Index score was 3, with is chaemic heart disease (56%), renal disease (55%), diabetes (38%) and chronic lung disease (32%) the most frequent comorbidities; 71% of patients were assessed as frail. Inter-current infection (22%), non-adherence to prescribed medication (5%) or to dietary or fluid restrictions (16%), and atrial fibrillation/flutter (15%) were the most commonly identified precipitants of HF. Initial treatment included intravenous diuretics (81%), oxygen therapy (87%), and bimodal positive airways pressure or continuous positive airways pressure ventilation (17%). During the index admission, 6% of patients died. The median length of stay in hospital was 6 days, but ranged between 3 and 12 days at different hospitals. Just over half the patients (59%) were referred to a multidisciplinary HF service. Discharge medications included angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (59%), ß-blockers (66%) and loop diuretics (88%). Conclusions: Patients admitted to hospital with acute HF in NSW and the ACT were generally elderly and frail, with multiple comorbidities. Evidence-based therapies were underused, and there was substantial inter-hospital variation in the length of stay. We anticipate that the results of the HF Snapshot will inform the development of strategies for improving the uptake of evidence-based therapies, and hence outcomes, for HF patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113.e1-113.e8
JournalMedical Journal of Australia
Volume204
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Newton, P. J., Davidson, P. M., Reid, C. M., Krum, H., Hayward, C., Sibbritt, D. W., Banks, E., & Macdonald, P. S. (2016). Acute heart failure admissions in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory: The NSW HF snapshot study. Medical Journal of Australia, 204(3), 113.e1-113.e8. https://doi.org/10.5694/mja15.00801