Multiple hormone resistance in many patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) type Ia and Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) is associated with deficient activity of the stimulatory guanine nucleotide-binding protein (Gs) of adenylate cyclase. To study further the relationship of deficient Gs activity to hormone resistance, we evaluated endocrine function and measured Gs activity of erythrocyte membranes from AHO patients with clinical hormone resistance (PHP type Ia) and from family members with AHO alone (pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism). The results of erythrocyte membrane Gs determinations were compared to those of unaffected relatives and normal subjects. Patients with pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (pseudoPHP) had reductions in erythrocyte membrane Gs activity comparable to those in patients with PHP type Ia [43.4 ± 11.9% (± SD) for PHP type Ia vs. 47.8 ± 9.5% for pseudoPHP]. However, in contradistinction to patients with PHP type Ia, individuals with pseudoPHP did not have obvious endocrine dysfunction. Although deficient Gs activity appears to play an important role in the pathogenesis of these disorders, it is possible that Gs deficiency must be combined with other factors that limit cAMP production to cause clinically overt endocrine disease.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism